"Türk çiftçisi bir eliyle kılıcını kullanırken, diğer elindeki sapanla topraktan ayrılmadı."

History

Turgutlu is a historical settlement with a unique soul that has been identified with its county name.

Every city can be distinguished from one another through its soul, culture, habits, and its inhabitants. Turgutlu, too, is an important settlement with its soul, culture, and customs. Like the cozy relationship of the people of a small town, the settlers of this huge city is presented with a life that is progressively innovative with the synergy created by this modern city. With its glaring streets, parks where you can find every shade of color green, warm-blooded humans, and its hospitality, Turgutlu is both a typical Anatolian Town and a huge modern city.

Turgutlu has Ahmetli in the east, Ödemis and Baındır in the south, Akhisar in the north and Izmir and Manisa in the west, and E23(Izmir-Ankara) highway stretches through the east of city center, and Izmir-Usak-Afyon railway trough the north. The 32 km section of the railway from Izmir to Turgutlu was built in 1855. It was extended another 76 km towards Alasehir between 1873-1875. E23 highway with its heavy traffic has 4 lanes, 2 for each direction. The highway is never blocked in any season. The distance from Turgutlu to Manisa is 30 km, and 45 km to Izmir. The county is situated between 38-19-00 and 38-37-00 North latitude and 28-59-24, 27-29-24 East longitude.

It is 55 km East of the Aegean Sea with the altitude of 78 m. Its area is 530 square km. Turgutlu is a county of plains. Gediz River in the North, Irlamaz stream in the South, Nif Stream in the West and Karacalı Streem in the East. Besides, there are several other small creeks like Ahmetli, Akçapınar, Karacalı and Irlamaz. Turgutlu County is established on Gediz Valley. Gediz River stretches the county from the east to the west with luscious agricultural lands. The north and south are rugged and mountainous. In the north is Ayteniz hill (çal mountain 1034 m), in the south Catma Mountain (1337 m as the extention of Bozdağ Ranges. Dumentepe (1280 m) and Cobandede (1168 m) Karlıktepe (1100m) Cal Dağı(1181 m) are situated in the east of these mountains. Akçaoluk (1220m) is situated in the junction of Kemalpasa-Bayındır-Turgutlu.

Bozdağ Mass in the south of the county is a part of the oldest segment of Middle Gediz Basin that forms the base of Middle Gediz Basin in which Turgutlu is situated. Bozdağ metamorphic mass is formed by Paleozoic schist belt and even older, complex gneiss. These are represented with quaternary alluviums in and around Turgutlu and are found in the base of the plain. Covered underneath alluviums with a huge potential for agriculture and the financial life-blood of Middle Gediz Graben, Turgutlu and the plains around it are explicit. The passage to Bozdağ Mass from the plain base is via steep hills. Slope fractures that are commonly observed in this region, hot-springs like Salihli, Kursunlu and Camurhamamı are definitely the most important proof of the presence of fault lines. Caldağ Mass in the north of Turgutlu, just as Bozdağ Mass, was affected by tectonic movements. At the junction of Caldağ slopes and plain base are hot-springs (Turgutlu springs).The base of tectonic depressions between Caldağ and Bozdağ developed in the formation of alluvial plains. On the cone and array along the south edges of these plains were many settlements established. On the array formed by Irlamaz Stream was Turgutlu established.